ENGINEERING August 24, 2020 10:30:51 AM GMT+0000

Facts You Must Know about The Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT)

WHAT IS THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS IIOT?

The IIOT is interlinked instruments, sensors, wireless connectivity, and other applications to computer applications in industry. This includes energy management and manufacturing. This link permits data exchange, data collection, and data analysis to permit improvements in efficiency and productivity. This facilitates economic benefit. IIoT is meant for a distributed control system which optimises and refines higher automation of control processing.

KEY FEATURES OF IIOT:

* Brings brilliant industrial machines together
* Advanced analytics
* Communication technologies implemented
* Systems that collect, monitor, analyze, deliver, and exchange new insights.
* Quick and smart business decisions
* Changing day to day operations efficiently
* Real-time data
* Accelerating data collection and product growth
* Powerful outcomes in industries
* Machine to machine communication
* Increases productivity, efficiency, and performance.
* Transformation in operation
* Financially and economically advantageous

It uses cases to track, trace, remote diagnosis, control, and monitoring structural
health.

SOME OF THE APPLICATIONS OF IIOT IN INDUSTRIES LIKE:

* Food and beverages
* Chemical industry
* Equipment manufacturing
* Steel
* Automotive
* Healthcare
* Aerospace

PREDICTIONS OVER THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIES WITH IIOT

* 100 percent of IIOT impact on the generation of energy
* 46 percent of impact on the global economy
* 44 percent of impact on energy consumption globally

HISTORY OF IIOT

With the invent of PLC-Programmable logic control in 1968 by Dick Morley, General Motors developed its manufacturing chain in automatic transmission. Individual elemental control was possible within the manufacturing chain with PLC. IIoT became popular in 1999 and rose to fame with cloud technology. It was used in equipping inventory control instantly. IIoT also helps in the creation of a digital twin of the IIoT system. This digital twin permits experimentation and training on new data without any need to interrupt production or safety. This is helpful in new employee training in a live environment without worrying about the outcomes. This is because this is a digital twin and doesn’t impact the original system in any way.

OPERATION OF IIOT

IIoT is a network of smart devices linked to systems that collect, monitor, analyze, and exchange data. Industrial IoT becomes assets that can communicate, sense, storing information, and private or public communications of data.

THE MODULAR ARCHITECTURAL LAYERING OF IIOT

IIOT HAS THE FOLLOWING LAYERS IN ITS MODULAR ARCHITECTURE:

* CONTENT LAYER- UID- User interface devices like smart glasses, screens, and tablets.
* NETWORK LAYER- Wifi, Communication protocol, and cloud computing
* SERVICE LAYER- Software and application layer for transforming and analyzing data into information.
* DEVICE LAYER- HARDWARE LAYER-CPS, sensors, and machines

HOW DOES IIOT ENHANCE PRODUCTIVITY?

IIOT lets automation in industry. A number of linked devices are used in smart offices that control, monitor, and analyze data. It handles and manages data and schedules effectively.

IIOT- INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS VERSUS IOT

FOCUS DEVELOPMENT

IIoT makes use of a lot more smart and intelligent devices to improve present supply chain and manufacturing processes. It monitors the process to offer detailed visibility, automated controls, and analytics. IoT is based on the concept of making use of devices to enhance customer ease with productive human-device interaction to get some advantages. For instance, monthly bills are minimized with interlinked home appliances through proper resource management. You can switch the electricity off when the appliance is not in use or when you leave home. Adjusting the temperature within a room depending on the
weather condition.

LEVEL OF APPLICATION

IIoT is devised to manage critical machines. It makes use of precise plant sensors and sensitive sensors in the location. It includes a technology that is more aware of location on the supply chain with advanced analytics and controls.

IoT makes use of easy and simple applications. IoT has a lower risk impact. IoT devices will develop higher with less price as compared to IIoT. This is because of its production volume and capable technology.

AREA OF APPLICATION

IIoT links sensors and critical machines in industries of high-stake. The area of application is generally in areas such as energy, aerospace, healthcare and defense. The systems where any kind of failure can be life-threatening fall into this category. They are high-risk systems. It includes emergency systems. IIoT is low-risk devices in case of any failure. These consumer-level machines are those where impact risk is low. They are convenient and important too. But, as compared to IIoT, the breakdown shall not create any kind of emergency right away.

IIOT ENABLED TECHNOLOGIES

THE FOLLOWING TECHNOLOGIES ENABLE IIOT:

* Cloud computing
* Cybersecurity
* Machine-to-machine
* Mobile technologies
* Advanced robotics
* Edge computing
* Big data
* IoT-Internet of Things
* Cognitive Computing
* 3D printing
* RFID technology

IMPORTANCE OF IIOT IN DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES

IIoT enhances the productivity and efficiency in various industries in a big way. Let’s take a look at why IIoT should be implemented and what is its importance in industrial sectors.

IIOT IN SMART MANUFACTURING

Intelligent Solutions and transforming various industries- Industrial automation brings a shift to smart manufacturing. It brings innovation in robotics, automation, and IIoT. AI interoperability, safe, and secure linking enables control, systems, process optimization, systems, and monitoring in real-time. This leads to enhanced safety, productivity, and enhanced costs.

PERFORMANCE-BASED TECHNOLOGY

Technology like IIoT enables consolidation of the workload with a scalable solution, a single portfolio of advanced heterogeneous solutions. It helps in minimising infrastructure hardware. It reduced the consumption of energy. This
performance-based tech offers the appropriate processing power for different factory applications. They cover a wide range of operations, such as small modules for controlling processes to complicated robotics. This is done through the use of Machine Learning-ML and Computer Vision.

REAL-TIME

IIoT offers precision, low latency and reliability for continuous and efficient industrial functions. This is irrespective of the time of the cycle. It offers real-time data, predictive maintenance, and end-to-end communications from the machine-to machine. These help in repairing of equipment before any occurrence of fault and monitoring production lines. The data is real-time adjustable.

SECURE TECHNOLOGY

They shield software, networks, and hardware with their security features. They avoid any kind of remote or physical interruption and interference. This makes sure that the robustness level is suitable to match each need of the application. This includes physical and cyber systems. The data is protected, and products are defending from any kind of cloning or counterfeit. They are PSA-Platform Security Architecture supported. The designing is meant to secure and control industrial automation.

FUNCTIONAL SAFETY

Functional safety is integrated within the IIoT systems. The system is critical in safeguarding the operating environment. The advanced tech is compliant with safety and international standards. The portfolio assists in high functional safety that is essential for a human-machine operation. The manufacturing undertakes robots to take up mundane and repetitive tasks accurately and reliably. This will save people from focusing on complex production decisions and critical thinking.

DATA-TO-DEVICE PLATFORM

IIoT improves insights and operational visibility. This can assist in streamlining industrial manufacturing procedures. IIoT has made it possible to ease deploying, connecting, and device management. It has enabled the secure management of
onboarding management, updating, patching, and monitoring devices. It enables connectivity management through secure connections irrespective of the location of deployment.

OUT OF BOX TECHNOLOGY

Manufacturers can revenue streams and open up to different markets. They can target on their customer experience, minimized costs of operation, and data insights for business improvement.

EXPERIMENTING

IIoT helps in experimenting with the technology and operations in an industry by creating a digital twin. This will enhance development, innovations, and upgrades in any system without impacting the original production or manufacturing process.

TRAINING

This digital twin also helps in the training of the new employees in real time. The new employees get a better understanding of the system and how to work with it. Any disparities will not interfere with the real system.

RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH IIOT SYSTEMS

SOME OF THE POTENTIAL RISKS WITH IIOT ARE:

* Exposed ports
* Inadequate authentication
* Obsolete applications
* High-risk applications
* Cybercrime and malware infection-prone systems
* Operational disruption due to system manipulation
* Security risks, such as cyber-attack, hacking, data breach, and information safety.
* Internet-connected devices that are accessible to the general public and can be searched by the public.
* Malfunctioning of the system resulting in device damage, injury, or harm to physical facilities
* Extortion prone OT systems that can be compromised through Internet

HOW TO AVOID THE POTENTIAL RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH IIOT SYSTEMS?

The primary risk associated with the IIoT system is cybersecurity. Making the cybersecurity as tight as possible is the only way to make it secure. Invest in cybersecurity, embedded security, and design security to make it potentially less
risky. Proactive monitoring against the threat and centralized unit to tackle the necessary is essential.

CONCLUSION

IIoT has influenced the current industry in a big way. With new and advent technologies such as cloud computing, edge computing, big data, cybersecurity, and other popular technologies, IIoT marks a significant change and development. It is implemented to enhance efficiency, productivity, saving time, and other features. However, it’s a high-risk system, failure of which can create emergencies. IIoT is used in Automotive, healthcare, cybersecurity, oil and gas industry, and others. All the key features of THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS IIOT makes it a unique and smart technology.